آیت مولائی


هر چند مفهوم «آثار جانبی» ماهیتاً در بستر مباحث اقتصادی قرار می¬گیرد، اما مناسبت اصلی آن در رشته حقوق، بدان سبب است که این مقوله با مفاهیم «مالکیت و مسئولیت» اشخاص، پیوند می¬خورد و مفهوم «هزینه¬های جانبی» از مصادیق بارز مسئولیت اشخاص است که لازم است برای اقتصادی¬سازی ابزارهای مقابله با آن تمهیداتی اندیشید. مقاله حاضر از روش توصیفی¬ـ¬تحلیلی پیروی می¬کند. نتایج تحقیق نشانگر آن است: هر چند قانون مذکور، مهم‌ترین اقدام از طرف قانون‌گذار در خصوص شناسایی آثار جانبی منفی در نظام حقوقی ایران است، اما باید گفت که اولاً در این قانون، مفهوم مسئولیت بر مبنای مسئولیت مبتنی بر تقصیر تعبیر گردیده و درنتیجه متضررین از آثار جانبی منفی تکلیف شاق و گاه ناممکنی جهت اثبات «سببیت» خواهند داشت. ثانیاً قانون‌گذار می¬بایست با فهم واقعیات جدید زندگی اجتماعی، تمهیداتی برای اقتصادی¬سازی ابزارها و به‌کارگیری ابزارهای جدید مقابله با هزینه¬های جانبی می¬اندیشید. ثالثاً شایسته بود قانون‌گذار با استفاده از شاه‌کلید «بازیافت»، برای تبدیل پسماند از «زباله» به «کالای اقتصادی» از ابزارهای متناسبی استفاده کند.

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ارجاع به مقاله
مولائیآ. (2017). اقتصادی سازی ابزارهای مقابله با آثار جانبی در قانون مدیریت پسماندها. دانشنامه حقوق اقتصادی, 23(10), 60-84. https://doi.org/10.22067/le.v23i10.36278
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی