##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

آیت مولائی

چکیده

هر چند مفهوم «آثار جانبی» ماهیتاً در بستر مباحث اقتصادی قرار می¬گیرد، اما مناسبت اصلی آن در رشته حقوق، بدان سبب است که این مقوله با مفاهیم «مالکیت و مسئولیت» اشخاص، پیوند می¬خورد و مفهوم «هزینه¬های جانبی» از مصادیق بارز مسئولیت اشخاص است که لازم است برای اقتصادی¬سازی ابزارهای مقابله با آن تمهیداتی اندیشید. مقاله حاضر از روش توصیفی¬ـ¬تحلیلی پیروی می¬کند. نتایج تحقیق نشانگر آن است: هر چند قانون مذکور، مهم‌ترین اقدام از طرف قانون‌گذار در خصوص شناسایی آثار جانبی منفی در نظام حقوقی ایران است، اما باید گفت که اولاً در این قانون، مفهوم مسئولیت بر مبنای مسئولیت مبتنی بر تقصیر تعبیر گردیده و درنتیجه متضررین از آثار جانبی منفی تکلیف شاق و گاه ناممکنی جهت اثبات «سببیت» خواهند داشت. ثانیاً قانون‌گذار می¬بایست با فهم واقعیات جدید زندگی اجتماعی، تمهیداتی برای اقتصادی¬سازی ابزارها و به‌کارگیری ابزارهای جدید مقابله با هزینه¬های جانبی می¬اندیشید. ثالثاً شایسته بود قانون‌گذار با استفاده از شاه‌کلید «بازیافت»، برای تبدیل پسماند از «زباله» به «کالای اقتصادی» از ابزارهای متناسبی استفاده کند.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
[1] Alvanii S. M. (2015). Decision Making and Determine of Government Policy, 18th Edition, Tehran: Samt Publications.
[2] Baber W. (1991). The Evolution of Economic Thoughts: a Comparative Study of Classical and Neoclassical Schools and Marx and Keynes, Translator: Habibollah Teymurii, Tehran: Publishing and Teaching of the Islamic Revolution.
[3] Badinii, H. et al. (2012). Liability: Foundation and Examples, Compatrative Law Studies Magazin, Vol. 3, No. 1.
[4] Bariiklu, A. R. (2014). Civil Liability, 5th Edition, Tehran: Mizan Legal Foundation.
[5] Birnie, P.W. and Boyle, A. E. (2000). International Law and the Environment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[6] Bodin L. (1971). The History of Economic Thoughts, Translator: Hooshang Nahavandii, Tehran: Morvariid Publications.
[7] Bronwen, M. and Yeung, K. (2009). An Introduction to Law and Regulation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[8] Caporaso, J. A. & Levine D.P. (2008). Theories of Political Economy, Translator: Mahmod Abdollahzadeh, Tehran: sales Publishing.
[9] Croley, S. P. (2008). Regulation and Public Interests. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
[10] Ghasemzadeh S. (2011). Obligations and Civil Liability without Contract, 9th Edition, Tehran: Mizan Legal Foundation.
[11] Hayek, F. V. (1976). Individualism and Economic Order. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
[12] Hewlett, M. & Ramesh, M. (2001). The Study of Public Policy, Translator: Abbas Monavaryan & Ebrahim, Gholshan, Tehran: Public Administration Training Center,
[13] Hirschauer, N., et al. (2015). Happiness and Utility in Wconomic Thought- or: What Can We Learn from Happiness Research for Public Policy Analysis and Public Policy Making?. Social Indicators Research, 121: 647-674.
[14] Hosseynii, Tehran: Printing and Publication Organization of Ministry Of Culture & Islamic Guidance.
[15] Howlett, M. (2012). The Lessons of Failure: Learning and Blame Avoidance in public policy making. International Political Science Review, 33(5): 539-555.
[16] Islamic Republic of Iran Energy (2004). Environment Review, World Bank Policy Note, Report: 29062-IR, May 21.
[17] Jowell, J. and Dawn, O. (ed ). (1994). The Changing Constitution, Third Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[18] Katouzian N. (2015). Introductory Course of Civil Law: Legal Events, Tehran: shercat e sahamii e Enteshar.
[19] Klarke, B. (2010). Comparative Political Economy, Translator: Abbas Hatami, Tehran: Kaviir Publications.
[20] Landsburg, S. E. (2016), Why I Am Not an Environmentalist: The Science of Economics Versus the Religion of Ecology Excerpt from The Armchair Economist: Economics & Everyday Life, 223-231, Available in: http://app.easybrander.net/c/211937
[21] Manki G. (2008). Microeconomic Theory, Translator: Hamid Reza Arbab, Tehran: Ney Publishing.
[22] Mansfield, E. (1982). Micro – Economics: Theory and Applications. 4th Edition, New York: W.W. Norton Co.
[23] Mulaee A. (2014). Administrative Contracts, Tehran: Mizan Legal Foundation.
[24] Nakamura, R. T. and Church, T. W. (2003). Taming Regulation: Superfund and the Challenge of Regulatory Reform. Washington, D.c.: Brooking Institution Press.
[25] Nguyen, C. D., et al. (2003). Public International Law, Translator : Hassan Habibii, Tehran, Ettelaat Publications.
[26] Ogus, A. I. (1995). Regulation: Legal Form & Economic Theory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[27] Pearson, J. (1999). “Development and Environment”, Printed in: Thirlwall, A., Growth and Development, Translator: Manochehr Farhang & Farshid Mojaver, Tehran: Printing and Publication Organization of Ministry Of Culture & Islamic Guidance.
[28] Perman R. et al., (2008). Environment Economics and Natural Resources, Translator: Hamid Reza Arbab, Tehran: Ney Publishing.
[29] Prosser, T. (2007). Regulation, Markets, and Legitimacy. Printed in: Jowell J. and Dawn O. (ed ). The Changing Constitution. Sixth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[30] Rhoads, S, E. (1985). The Economist's View of the World. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
[31] Safaee, S. H. & Rahimii, H. (2015). Civil Liability, 8th Edition, Tehran: Samt Publications.
[32] Sepúlveda, A. et al. (2010), A Review of the Environmental Fate and Effects of Hazardous Substances Released from Electrical and Electronic Equipments During recycling: Examples from China and India, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 30, 28-41, Journal Homepage: www. elsevier.com/locate/eiar.
[33] Slater D. & Tokiss F. (2007). Market and Modern Social Theory, Translator: Hosseyn Ghazian, Tehran: Ney Publishing.
[34] Stern, N. (2006). The Economics of Climate Change The Stern Review. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[35] Stiglitz, J. E. (1988). Economics of the Public Sector. Second Edition, New York: W.W Norton.
[36] Talaee & Heydarii (2015). Obligations and Responsibility of Stats in the Field of Protection and Preservation of Environment against with an Emphasis on Hazardous Wastes, Quarterly Journal of Public Law Research, Sixteenth Year, No, 45.
[37] Thomas, S. (2013), Government Regulation of Business. New York, McGraw-Hill.
[38] Tullock, G. (1967). Excess Benefit, Water Resources Research 3, 643- 644.
[39] Williams, R. C. (2003). Health Effects and Optimal Environmental Taxes. Journal of Public Economics, 323–335.
[40] Zargoush M. (2010). Civil Liability of the Government: Public Rules, Vol.1, Tehran: Mizan Legal Foundation.
[41] Zhang, J., & Zhang, W. (2013). Will Carbon Tax Yield Employment Double Dividend for China? International Journal of Business and Social Research, 124-131.
ارجاع به مقاله
مولائیآ. (2017). اقتصادی سازی ابزارهای مقابله با آثار جانبی در قانون مدیریت پسماندها. دانشنامه حقوق اقتصادی, 23(10), 60-84. https://doi.org/10.22067/le.v23i10.36278
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی