##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

ابوالفضل شاه‌آبادی رقیه پوران

چکیده

امروزه تلاش برای بهبود محیط کسب‌ و کار، از جمله مهم‌ترین دغدغه‌های اقتصادهای در‌حال‌گذر جهت حصول سریع‌تر به توسعه اقتصادی و رقابت است. طبق نظریات نهادگرایانه، ناکارائی در سیستم قضائی، موجب افزایش هزینه مبادلات شده و از این طریق در محیط کسب‌ و کار اختلال ایجاد می‌کند.
مطالعه رتبه سهولت کسب‌ و کار ایران در میان کشورهای جهان طی 2013 -2005 حاکی از وضعیت نامناسب کسب و کار اقتصادی ایران است. هم‌چنین، مطالعه شاخص‌های کارائی سیستم قضائی ایران و مقایسه آن با بهترین و بدترین کشورها، نشان می‌دهد که ضعف سیستم قضائی ایران در مدت‌ زمان رسیدگی به دعاوی قضائی است و از آنجا‌که این عامل نقش مهمی در سهولت اجرای قراردادها و به تبع آن، سهولت کسب‌ و کار اقتصادی دارد، اصلاح این مورد در سیستم قضائی به شدت احساس می‌شود.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
[1]- Baseri, B. (2009). “Pathology of the Doing business.” The World Economy Newspaper, No. 1515, page 3 (in Persian). ##
[2]- Bull. C. (1987). “The Existence of Self-Enforcing Implicit Contracts.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 102(1): 147-160. ##
[3]- Dyankov, S. and Karay, M. (2007). “Doing Business in 2006 (creating Jobs).” Translation by J. Kheirkhahan, Majlis Research Center, Institute of Economic Research (in Persian). ##
[4]- Fafchamps. M. (1996). “Enforcement of Commercial Contracts in Ghana.” World Development 24 (3): 427-448. ##
[5]- Galanter, M. (1981). “Justice in Many Rooms: Courts, Private Ordering and Indigenous Law,” Journal of Legal Pluralism 19: 1-47. ##
[6]- Gow, H. and Swinnen, J. (1998). “Agribusiness Restructuring, Foreign Direct Investment, and Hold-Up Problems in Agricultural Transition.” European Review of Agricultural Economics, 25 (4): 331-350. ##
[7]- Gow, H., Streeter, D. and Swinnen, J. (2000). “How Private Contract Enforcement Mechanisms Can Succeed Where Public Institutions Fail: The Case of Juhosucor A.S.” Agricultural Economics, 23 (3): 253-265. ##
[8]- Gow, H. and Swinnen, J. (2001). “Private Enforcement Capital and Contract Enforcement in Transition Countries.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 83 (3): 686-690. ##
[9]- Greif, A. (1993). “Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: The Maghribi Traders’ Coalition.” American Economic Review 83 (3): 525-548. ##
[10]- Greif, A. and Kandel, E. (1995). “Contract Enforcement Institutions: Historical Perspective and Current Status in Russia. In Economic Transition in Eastern Europe and Russia.” Edited by E. P. Lazear. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press. ##
[11]- Henderly, K., Murrell, P. and Ryterman, R. (1998). “Law, Relationships, and Private Enforcement. Transactional Strategies of Russian Enterprises.” Unpublished Manuscript. ##
[12]- Johnson. S., McMillan, J. and Woodruff, Ch. (2002). “Courts and Relational Contracts.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 18 (1): 221-277. ##
[13]- Karim. Z. (2005). “Several Articles in the Field of Institutional Barriers for Economic Development.” Majlis Research Center Office of Legal Studies, Second Edition. (in Persian). ##
[14]- Koford, K. and Miller, J. B. (1995). “Contracts in Bulgaria: How Firms cope when Property Rights are Incomplete.” University of Delaware, Department of Economics Working Paper 95-4. ##
[15]- Koford, K. and Miller. J. B. (1999). “A Model of Contract Enforcement in Early Transition,” Paper Presented at the ISNIE Conference, September 16-18, 1999, Washington D.C. ##
[16]- Meydary, A. and Qodjany. A. (2008). “Measuring of improving of doing business.” Publications of Tehran University Jihad (in Persian). ##
[17]- McMillan, J. and Woodruff, Ch. (1999a). “Dispute Prevention without Courts in Vietnam.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 15 (3): 637-658. ##
[18]- McMillan, J. and Woodruff, Ch. (1999b). “Interfirm Relationships and Informal Credit in Vietnam.” Quarterly Journal of Economics (November): 1285-1320. ##
[19]- Milgrom, P., North, D. C. and Weingast, B. R. (1990). “The Role if Institutions in the Revival of Trade: The Medieval Law Merchant, Private Judges, and the Champagne Fairs.” Economics and Politics 1 (1): 1-23. ##
[20]- Nasiri aghdam, I. and Naderan, A. (2006), “Transaction Cost of Financing of Construction Institutions (Case Study of 40 Small Firms).” Economic Research, 41 (3): 81-123 (in Persian). ##
[21]- Nasiri Aghdam, A. (2010). “The role of the judiciary in improving of doing business.” Monthly Chamber of Commerce, No. 2, 22 (in Persian). ##
[22]- Shahabadi, A., Sarigol, S. and Jame-Bozorgy, A. (2013). “The Impact of Economic Political on the Doing Business in Line with the Financing D8 and G7 Countries.” Political and Economic Monthly Information, No. 291, 121-108 (in Persian). ##
[23]- Shahabadi, A. and Sadeghi, H. (2012). “Investigating the Effect of the Doing Business and Governance on Foreign Direct Investment Flow in Iran.” Journal of Political and Economic Information, No. 287, 203-186 (in Persian). ##
[24]- Tari, F. and Gholami Baghi, S. (2007). “The General Policies of Article 44 and Doing Business with a Focus on Business.” House and Research Journal, 13 (54): 108-73 (in Persian). ##
[25]- Tari, F. and Gholami Baghi, S. (2009). “Improving the Doing Business Index, an Effective Factor on the Reduction of the Hidden Economy and Expanding Informal Sector.” Majlis and Research Journal, No. 58, 91-47. (in Persian). ##
[26]- Tayyb niya, A. and Mardukhi, J. (2006). “The Effect of Peraperty Right on the Utilization of Natural Resources: Institutional Approach on Iran's Crude Oil Reserves.” Economic Research, No. 76, 28-1 (in Persian). ##
[27]- Telser, L. G. (1980). “A Theory of Self-Enforcing Agreements.” Journal of Business 53 (1): 27-44. ##
[28]- Volker. B. and Boger, S. 16-22 August. (2003). “Courts and Contract Enforcement in Transition Agriculture: Theory and Evidence from Poland.” the 25th International Conference of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), Durban, South Africa, 417-430. ##
[29]- Williamson, O. E. (1979). “Transaction Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractual Relations.” Journal of Law and Economics 22 (October): 3-61. ##
[30]- Williamson, O. E. (2002). “The Theory of the Firm as Governance Structure: From Choice to Contract.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 16 (3): 171–195. ##
[31]- Williamson, O. E. (1981). “The Economics of Organization: The Transaction Cost Approach.” The American Journal of Sociology 87 (3): 548–577. ##
[32]- Woodruff. Ch. (1998). “Contract Enforcement and Trade Liberalization in Mexico’s Footwear Industry.” World Development 26 (6): 979-991. ##
[33]- World Bank; “Doing Business. (2006). Creating Jobs”; http://www.doingbusiness.org/Downloads. ##
[34]- World Bank; “Doing Business. (2007). How to Reform”; http://www.doingbusiness.org/Downloads. ##
[35]- World Bank; “Doing Business. (2008). http://www.doingbusiness.org/Downloads. ##
[36]- World Bank; “Doing Business. (2009). Creating Jobs”; http://www.doingbusiness.org/Downloads. ##
[37]- World Bank; “Doing Business. (2010). Reforming through difficult times.”
[38]- http://www.doingbusiness.org. ##
[39]- Zareie M. H. (2008). “Judicial Security as the Right.” Majlis and Research, 14 (56): 45-11 (in Persian). ##
ارجاع به مقاله
شاه‌آبادیا., & پورانر. (2014). نقش کارائی سیستم قضائی در سهولت کسب و کار. دانشنامه حقوق اقتصادی, 21(5). https://doi.org/10.22067/le.v21i5.48144
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی