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سید مهدی معلمی

چکیده

ادیان الاهی به‌ویژه دین اسلام، بر تحقق عدالت در همة ابعاد زندگی تأکید دارند؛ امّا همواره بین اندیشمندان مسلمان در مفهوم عدالت و روش کشف آن، اختلاف نظر بوده است. در این میان مباحث عدالت¬ اقتصادی به دلیل ارتباط مستقیم با حیات و معیشت انسان¬ها وحقوق اقتصادی ایشان، بیش از سایر حوزه¬ها نظر اندیشمندان مسلمان را به خود جلب کرده است.
رابطه عدالت اقتصادی و حقوق اقتصادی و همچنین ویژگی¬هایی همچون اصل امضایی بودن فرامین شارع مقدس در امور اقتصادی و جایگاه عرف و بناء عقلا در تعیین مصادیق حقوق اقتصادی، سبب تفاوت ماهوی مباحث روش¬شناسی عدالت در حوزه اقتصاد با سایر حوزه¬¬های عدالت¬پژوهی می¬گردد.
نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که فضای کلی «مبناگرایی» بر روش اندیشمندان مسلمان در مباحث عدالت اقتصادی، حاکم بوده است. با تحلیل این نظریات، چهار گونه¬ی «مبنا گراییِ نص-محور»، «مبنا گرایی علِّی»، «مبناگرایی فطری- ولایی» و «مبناگرایی منسجِم کارکردگرا» به عنوان مهمترین روش¬های شناخت عدالت اقتصادی در آثار اندیشمندان مسلمان، مشاهده می¬شود.
این پژوهش نشان می¬دهد روش «مبناگرایی منسجِم کارکردگرا» نسبت به سایر روش¬ها، برای شناخت عدالت اقتصادی در آموزه¬های اسلامی، از اصالت و کارآمدی بیشتری برخوردار است.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
معلمیس. م. (2018). گونه¬شناسی روش اندیشمندان مسلمان در نظریه عدالت اقتصادی. دانشنامه حقوق اقتصادی, 24(12), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.22067/le.v24i12.51273
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی