##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

سام محمدی مجید عباس تبار فیروزجاه علی صداقتی

چکیده

امروزه این امر که واقعیت محض قابل شناخت نیست، امری یقینی و مسلّم است. بر این اساس، قواعد حقوقی باید بر مبنای واقعیت‌ها تنظیم شوند. قواعد معاملات فضولی- که در جهت حمایت از مالک و تلاش برای جلوگیری از گسترش سرقت در جامعه برقرارشده و به مالک واقعی اجازه رد معامله فضولی و استرداد مال را می‌دهد- به‌گونه‌ای تنظیم‌ شده است که از اشخاص انتظار شناخت واقعیت محض می‌رود؛ در غیر این صورت، خریداران باید ریسک معاملات را تحمل کرده و منتظر حوادث باشند. این امر با نظم معاملاتی معارض است. نظریۀ حمایت از اعتماد کننده به‌ ظاهر که از خریداران با حسن نیت حمایت می‌کند، ضمن منطبق بودن با واقعیت‌های شناختی بشری با تحلیل‌های حقوق اقتصادی نیز سازگار است و زمینه را برای جلوگیری از سرقت و برقراری نظم معاملاتی فراهم می‌کند. علاوه بر این، این نظریه با این امر که هدف از داشتن مال داشتن خود عین نبوده و بلکه استفاده از فرآورده‌های آن است، نیز مطابقت دارد.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
[1] Abedian, Mirhosein, M.C Civil Law Notes, Beheshti University Law School, 2006-2007, )In Persian)
[2] Amini, Mansour, The role of Registration of Immovable Property in French Law and Its Acceptability in Iranian law, Tahghighat Hoghughi, 49, 2009, (In Persian).
[3] Copleston, Fredrick. History of Philosophy Volume 5, English philosophers from Hobbes to Hume, Amir Jalal al-Din Allama, Scientific and Farhapublishing company, 2009, (In Persian).
[4] Fathi Zade, Morteza, Classical Epistemology and Epistemology of Third World, Hekmat Paper (2), 2003-2004, (In Persian).
[5] Fooladvand, Ezatolah, Kant’s Philosophy (write by Stephan Körner and translated by Ezatolah Fooladvand), Kharazmi publication company, 1999, (In Persian).
[6] Haji Ali Orak, Safora, New Age thinking flows from Descartes to Kant, Falsafe month book, 30th, 2005, (In Persian).
[7] Imami, Sayed Hasan, Civil Law, Vol. 1, Islamia Book Store, 1968, In Persian.
[8] Jaafari Langroudi, Mohammad Jafar, Law Terminology, Ganje danesh, 2008, (In Persian).
[9] Karim zade, Taher, Skepticism in the West (The Historical Process), Monthly Knowledge (128), summer of 2009, (In Persian).
[10] Karimi, A., Evidences, Mizan Publication, 2007, (In Persian).
[11] Katozian Naser, Civil Law (Elementary): property law, Mizan Publication, 2003, (In Persian).
[12] Katozian, Naser, Civil Law: Specific Contract, Vol.1, Enteshar Publishing Company, 1992, (In Persian).
[13] Kaviani, Korosh, Commercial Law (Commercial bills) Mizan Publication, 2008, (In Persian).
[14] Makarem Shirazi, Naser, a series of jurisprudential-rule Alfaqih, vol.2, Institute of al-Imam Al-myralmumnyn, 1999. (In Arabic).
[15] Malaki Abhari, Farzad, Sale of Registered Real Estate, a Master's Thesis, Shahid Beheshti University Law School, 2006, (In Persian).
[16] Mohammad, Abul Hasan, Understanding the Principles of Islamic Law, Tehran University Press, 2004, (In Persian).
[17] Mohaqeq Damad, Mustafa, Rule of Law, Civil Sector (Property and Liability), Press Center of Islamic Sciences, 2008, (In Persian).
[18] Morvarid, Hshem& Haghi, Ali, Comparison of skeptical Interpretation and Naturalistic interpretation of Hume's Philosophy, Religious Studies, Philosophy and Theology, 41th year, Spring and Summer of 2009, (In Persian).
[19] Mostafavi, Sheikh Sayed Kazem, One Hundred jurisprudential-rules, Islamic Press(In Arabic).
[20] Muhammadi, Muslem, Hume's Empiricism and Its Impact on Religious Teachings, Human Religious Studies, 7th year, (23), Spring and Summer of 2004, (In Persian).
[21] Musavi Bojnordi, Seyed Hassan, Jurisprudential-rules, vol. 1, no 1, of Najaf Press Institute, 1992, (In Arabic).
[22] Saneii Dare bidi, Manouchehr, Kant’s alive soul (a Discussion with Dr. Manouchehr Saneii Dare bidi, Soure Monthly, 46, 2010, (In Persian).
[23] Shahidi, Mahdi, Contract to Conclude Sale, Law Articles collection (Civil Law, Commercial law, Criminal Law), Hoghoghdan Express, 1995, (In Persian).
[24] Shams, Abdollah, Civil Procedure, vol.3, Derak, 2007, (In Persian).
[25] Arruanda, Benito, Property as an economic concept: reconciling legal and economic conceptions of property rights in a Coasean framework, Barcelona GSE , Barcelona GSE working group paper series, working paper nº 614.
[26] Ben- Shahar, Omri, property rights in stolen goods, an economic analysis,2007. available at:
[27] http:::home.uchicago.edu:omri:pdf:articles:Buyer_In_Good_Faith.pdf.
[28] http:::www.gesetze-im- internet.de:englisch_bgb:englisch_ bgb.html#p. 3623.
[29] Rose, Casper, the transfer of property rights by theft-an Economic analysis, Center of law, economics and financial institutions at CBS ( LEFIC), LEFIC paper 2005-9, 2005.
[30] salomons, Arthur F, good faith acquisition of movables, available at: http:::papers.ssrn.com:sol3:papers.cfm?abstract_id=1515719.
[31] Schwartz, Alan and Scott, Robert .E, rethinking the laws of good faith purchase, Columbia law review, vol. 111, 2011
[32] Smith, Norman, Kamp, Kant's Theory of Mental Activity, A commentary on transcendental analytic of the critique of pure reason, united states, Harvard university press, 1962.
ارجاع به مقاله
محمدیس., عباس تبار فیروزجاهم., & صداقتیع. (2017). مالکیت ظاهری. دانشنامه حقوق اقتصادی, 23(10), 113-134. https://doi.org/10.22067/le.v23i10.55850
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی